A Look at the Different Types of Visual Art

When it comes to visual art, there are many different types. From realism to abstraction or even to designs used in games like coin master spins, there’s a style for everyone. However, there are some universal elements that all visual art has in common. These include the use of color, light and shadow, and texture.


Realism is an art form that captures the truth or nature of something. Specifically, it depicts objects as they truly exist in nature.

Realism is often used to explore the lives of common people and to illustrate what life might be like for people living in different times and places.

Abstract Art

Abstract art is exactly what it sounds like: artwork that doesn’t show any specific subject matter, but rather conveys an idea or feeling. Abstract art isn’t limited to just painting, but can also take the form of sculpture, photography and drawing.

The most popular types of abstract art are cubism and impressionism. Common examples of these include Pablo Picasso’s The Three Musicians and Claude Monet’s Water Lilies.

Cubism was a movement in modern art which began in the early 20th century. It’s characterized by the deliberate use of multiple perspectives in order to create a more realistic appearance on canvas.

Texture Art

Texture art is a type of visual art that uses the texture created by the material of the work to create an image. Texture artists often work with materials such as clay, paint, plaster or ink.

The materials used are important to understanding how textures are created. Textures can be crafted through the use of different processes and materials within each technique. The process by which these textures are created is what sets apart one type of texture from another.

Some common types of texture art includes:

  • Relief carving – sculptural reliefs that use vertical or horizontal lines to carve into a material to create a three-dimensional form.
  • Gouache painting – a mixture of watercolor pigment and gum arabic (made from fermented acacia) that’s mixed with water before it’s used as paint for creating textured works on canvas or paper.